Try instead to be more general and you will have your reader hooked. The middle paragraphs of the essay are collectively known as the body paragraphs and, as alluded to above, the main purpose of a body paragraph is to spell out in detail the examples that support your thesis. For the first body paragraph you should use your strongest argument or most significant example unless some other more obvious beginning point as in the case of chronological explanations is required.
The first sentence of this paragraph should be the topic sentence of the paragraph that directly relates to the examples listed in the mini-outline of introductory paragraph. A one sentence body paragraph that simply cites the example of "George Washington" or "LeBron James" is not enough, however. No, following this an effective essay will follow up on this topic sentence by explaining to the reader, in detail, who or what an example is and, more importantly, why that example is relevant.
Even the most famous examples need context. The reader needs to know this and it is your job as the writer to paint the appropriate picture for them. To do this, it is a good idea to provide the reader with five or six relevant facts about the life in general or event in particular you believe most clearly illustrates your point.
Having done that, you then need to explain exactly why this example proves your thesis. The importance of this step cannot be understated although it clearly can be underlined ; this is, after all, the whole reason you are providing the example in the first place.
Seal the deal by directly stating why this example is relevant. The first sentence — the topic sentence - of your body paragraphs needs to have a lot individual pieces to be truly effective. Not only should it open with a transition that signals the change from one idea to the next but also it should ideally also have a common thread which ties all of the body paragraphs together.
For example, if you used "first" in the first body paragraph then you should used "secondly" in the second or "on the one hand" and "on the other hand" accordingly. Examples should be relevant to the thesis and so should the explanatory details you provide for them. It can be hard to summarize the full richness of a given example in just a few lines so make them count. If you are trying to explain why George Washington is a great example of a strong leader, for instance, his childhood adventure with the cherry tree though interesting in another essay should probably be skipped over.
You may have noticed that, though the above paragraph aligns pretty closely with the provided outline, there is one large exception: These words are example of a transitional phrase — others include "furthermore," "moreover," but also "by contrast" and "on the other hand" — and are the hallmark of good writing. Transitional phrases are useful for showing the reader where one section ends and another begins.
It may be helpful to see them as the written equivalent of the kinds of spoken cues used in formal speeches that signal the end of one set of ideas and the beginning of another. In essence, they lead the reader from one section of the paragraph of another. Hopefully this example not only provides another example of an effective body paragraph but also illustrates how transitional phrases can be used to distinguish between them.
Although the conclusion paragraph comes at the end of your essay it should not be seen as an afterthought. As the final paragraph is represents your last chance to make your case and, as such, should follow an extremely rigid format. One way to think of the conclusion is, paradoxically, as a second introduction because it does in fact contain many of the same features.
While it does not need to be too long — four well-crafted sentence should be enough — it can make or break and essay. Effective conclusions open with a concluding transition "in conclusion," "in the end," etc. After that you should immediately provide a restatement of your thesis statement.
This should be the fourth or fifth time you have repeated your thesis so while you should use a variety of word choice in the body paragraphs it is a acceptable idea to use some but not all of the original language you used in the introduction. This echoing effect not only reinforces your argument but also ties it nicely to the second key element of the conclusion: Having done all of that, the final element — and final sentence in your essay — should be a "global statement" or "call to action" that gives the reader signals that the discussion has come to an end.
The conclusion paragraph can be a difficult paragraph to write effectively but, as it is your last chance to convince or otherwise impress the reader, it is worth investing some time in. Take this opportunity to restate your thesis with confidence; if you present your argument as "obvious" then the reader might just do the same.
Although you can reuse the same key words in the conclusion as you did in the introduction, try not to copy whole phrases word for word.
Instead, try to use this last paragraph to really show your skills as a writer by being as artful in your rephrasing as possible. Although it may seem like a waste of time — especially during exams where time is tight — it is almost always better to brainstorm a bit before beginning your essay.
This should enable you to find the best supporting ideas — rather than simply the first ones that come to mind — and position them in your essay accordingly. Your best supporting idea — the one that most strongly makes your case and, simultaneously, about which you have the most knowledge — should go first.
Even the best-written essays can fail because of ineffectively placed arguments. Be honest about your strengths and weaknesses when devising your plan. Make sure to schedule breaks for yourself to refresh your brain and recharge yourself. An example of a plan for a one-day essay writing project might look like this: Consider the essay question. Doing this preliminary brainstorming will not only direct you towards the appropriate research, it will help the writing process go more quickly.
Develop your argument or thesis statement. Develop your argument to help direct your research and make the writing process go more quickly. You can still consider your argument and then use your research to support or refute the claims you want to make.
Research your essay topic. There are many different types of sources you can use for research, from online journals and newspaper archives to primary sources at the library. For example, the library and internet offer many different options for sources. You can draw upon information you know to speed up the research process.
Simply find a reliable! It can also point you in the direction of web sources including newspaper article archives or other research on your topic. To "gut" a book, skim the introduction and conclusion to find the main arguments, and then pick a few details from the body of the book to use as evidence.
Write an outline of your essay. Construct an outline of your essay to guide you through the writing process. By structuring it in the same form as your essay and adding evidence, you will simplify and expedite the writing process. The more detail you put into your outline, the easier and more quickly you can write the essay.
For example, instead of just writing a basic paragraph about the body, flesh it out into bullet points or sentences that presents argument and supporting evidence.
Set a fixed amount of time to write. Allotting a specific amount of time can help you write more quickly because it puts pressure on you to perform. Make sure you have all your material nearby when you start to write. Getting up to fetch a book or a piece of paper or a snack will eat into your precious time.
Write a catchy introduction. The introduction does exactly what the word says: This tells the reader the point your trying to make in the essay. End by stating how you will demonstrate your points. Write the body of the essay. The body of your essay will contain the substantive points that support your thesis statement or argument. Analyzing two to three main points will strengthen your argument and add more words to your overall total. Going off on explanatory tangents will cost you precious time.
Support your main points with the evidence compiled during your research. Make sure to explain how the evidence supports your claims! Write as clearly as possible. Write the essay conclusion. Like the introduction, the conclusion does exactly what the word implies: It provides a summary of your basic argument and should leave the reader with a strong impression of your work.
Aim to do more in your conclusion than just restate your thesis and the evidence you used. You could acknowledge the limitations of your argument, suggest a direction for future research, or expand the relevance of your topic to a wider field. Just as you drew in reader with good introduction, end your conclusion with a sentence that make a lasting impression on your reader.
Revise and proofread your essay. No essay is good when it contains mistakes. Re-read the entire essay. Make sure that you are still arguing the same thing at the end of the essay that you are at the beginning. If not, go back and adjust your thesis. You can use transitions and strong topic sentences to help you draw connections between your paragraphs.
Even though you may only have a few hours to write this essay, taking a few moments at the beginning to develop a quick plan will help you perform at your best. Read the prompt carefully! If the question asks you to take a position, take one. However, having an idea of the main points that you want to touch on and how they relate will help you structure the essay.
Even timed essays need a unified argument or thesis. Time your writing strategically. If you must answer more than one essay question during a time period, make sure that you leave yourself enough time to write all of them.
If you see a question that you feel will be more difficult for you, it could be a good idea to tackle it first. All too often, students will write their way into their ideas after spending a whole paragraph on meaningless generalizations. Particularly in timed essays, it is very important to get directly to your main argument and providing evidence for it.
Spending too much time on the introduction can leave you with less time to write later. Explain connections between evidence and claims.
A common issue with essays, especially those produced under pressure, is that student writers often present evidence without explaining how it links back to their claims.
This is the main argument of the paragraph. It is probably located in your topic sentence. This is the supporting detail that proves your claim. This connects the evidence back to your claim and explains why the evidence proves what you say it does. Leave time to revise.
Strategies for Essay Writing. The links below provide concise advice on some fundamental elements of academic writing. How to Read an Assignment Moving from.
Learn how to write a good essay. Follow best practice advice, avoid common essay writing mistakes and structure your essay for maximum impact and better grades.
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